In view of the critical role that knowledgeinstitutions would play in making India a globalleader in the 21st Century and in meeting thegrowing aspirations of the large component of theyoung in India's population, there was little doubtthat education and related sectors would merit largeinfusion of resources in the XI Plan. It was alsoapparent that institutional reform would need tosupplement this infusion. NKC was envisaged by theGovernment as one of the key concurrent processesfor the XI Plan: 2007-12. Recommendations of NKChave been key inputs in formulating broad contoursof the XI Plan. Some of these are highlighted below.
XI Plan 2007-2012
The XI Plan, approved at the meeting of the NationalDevelopment Council on the 19 December 2007, placesthe highest priority on education as a central instrumentfor achieving rapid and inclusive growth. This is refl ectedin the four fold increase in resources allocation. AtRs. 2.70 lakh crore, it constitutes 20 per cent of the Plan,representing a credible progress towards the target of6 per cent of GDP. The following paragraphs summarisethe major components of the XI Plan relating to therecommendations made by NKC. They appear in thesame order as in the Plan.
E-governance for better service delivery(Volume I: Inclusive Growth)
Vocational training & skill development(Volume I: Inclusive Growth)
- Process re-engineering to be the most crucialelement of the agenda to make delivery of servicescitizen centric.
- Creation of a common service delivery platformincluding State Wide Networks, Common ServiceCentres and Last Mile Connectivity.
- A body with PM as Chair to prescribe deliverablesand milestones for the national E-governance Plan.
- Make use of e-governance in implementation of allmajor fl agship programs.
Launch a National Skill Development Mission with anoutlay of Rs 31,200 crore to increase capacity from 2.5million to 10 million per annum. The National SkillDevelopment Mission would:
- Encourage Ministries to expand existing publicsector skill development infrastructure and itsutilisation by fi ve fold.
- Modernise existing public sector infrastructure toget into PPP mode with functional and governanceautonomy, establish a credible accreditation systemand a guidance framework for all accreditingagencies, encourage agencies to rate institutions onstandardised outcomes, and establish a "NationalSkill Inventory" and a "National Database for SkillDefi ciency Mapping" on a national web portal.
- Set up a National Qualifi cations Framework, whichestablishes equivalence and provides horizontalmobility between various Vocational, Technicaland Academic streams at more than one careerpoints and a Trainee Placement and TrackingSystem for effective evaluation and future policyplanning.
- Enlarge the coverage of skill spectrum to 1000trades, with relevance to our emerging needswhile making a distinction between structural,interventional and last mile unemployability andcorrespondingly set up programs for 24 months,12 months and 6 months duration. "FinishingSchools" will be encouraged to take care of lastmile unemployability.
- Create a "National Skill Development Fund" imposing a universal skill development obligationon industry to invest in skill development ofSCs/STs/OBCs/Minorities/other candidates fromBPL families
-as their contribution to affi rmativeaction combined with matching GovernmentContribution.
- Facilitate repositioning of employment exchangesas outreach points of the Mission for storing andproviding information on employment and skilldevelopment and to function as career counsellingcentres.
- Enlarge the 50,000 Skill Development Centresprogram eventually into a "Virtual SkillDevelopment Resource Network" for web basedlearning.